An Analysis of Urbanism, Community and Neighborhood in the Modern Metropolis (Case Study: Tehran Metropolis)

Document Type : Research Article (Applied - Development)


1 Associate Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhD student in Geography and Urban Planning, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.



Objective:Neighborhood as a "spatial" and historical phenomenon has usually had two dimensions: explicit or implicit territory, and the other is a "special social group".Spatial matching of neighborhood and the local community, especially in metropolitan areas, was discussed in the urban literature. Explaining the process of this divergence and the impact of urbanism on it in the scale of Tehran metropolitan neighborhoods has been the main issue of this article.
Methods: This research was of the survey-analytical type, and the method of data collection was documentary-field. The statistical population is Tehran's metropolitan neighborhoods that, based on a classification, five neighborhoods have been selected by purposive sampling. Quantitative and statistical methods including one-sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, Tukey post hoc test, and multivariate regression were used to analyze the data.
Results:The results showed that despite the changes caused by modernity, it is still possible to distinguish a range of neighborhoods from the community's characteristics in the metropolis of Tehran. The level of neighborhood identity in Tehran's sample neighborhoods has been relatively high; however, this situation has not led to the formation and improvement of their residents' interactions and internal social solidarity. The results also showed that all indicators of urbanism as an independent variable had significant relationships and negative effects on the community's characteristics in the sample neighborhoods.
Conclusion: However, the findings of this article indicate the existence of fields and capital of the community in the sample neighborhoods of Tehran; However, based on the basic idea of the research, it should be noted that promoting and strengthening the spatial matching of community and neighborhood is the basic condition for creating, improving and recreating existing neighborhoods within the framework of modern metropolitan discourse and urbanism of Tehran metropolitan scale.


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